No visit to the Union of Myanmar is complete without a visit to the 2,500 years old Shwedagon Pagoda, which enshrines strands of Buddha's hair and other holy relics. Located west of the Royal Lake on 114 -acre Singuttara Hill in Yangon, Shwedagon Pagoda is the most sacred and impressive Buddhist site for the people of the Union of Myanmar. From a humble beginning of 8.2 meters, the Shwedagon Pagoda today stands close to 110 meters. Shwedagon Pagoda is covered with hundreds of gold plates and the top of the stupa is encrusted with 4531 diamonds; the largest of which is a 72 carat diamond. It is clearly one of the wonders of the religious world. Shwedagon Pagoda is a repository of the best in Myanmar heritage – architecture, sculpture and arts. The Shwedagon Pagoda consists hundreds colorful temples, stupas, and statues that reflects the architectural era spanning almost a 2,500 years. To understand this monumental work of art and architecture, visitors will experience an insider's view of this magnificent symbol of Buddhism to the lives of the Myanmar people. Shwedagon Pagoda forms the focus of religious as well as community activities – the bustling of devotees and monks washing the statues, offering flowers, worshiping, and meditating. Shwedagon Pagoda is administered by the Board of Trustees of Shwedagon Pagoda.
Sule Pagoda is located in the center of Yangon at the junction of Sule Pagoda Road and Mahabandoola Road. Kyauktada Township.Yangon. Myanmar. This 48 meter (152 feet) high golden dome was used by the British as the nucleus of their grid pattern for the city when it was rebuilt in the 1880s. The pagoda's peculiarity is its octagonal- shaped pagoda.Which retains its shape as it tapers to the spire.
Yangon Zoological Gardens, a recreation center, is located in the heart of Yangon. It is also the center for Zoological and Botanical researchers. It has an area of 69.25 acres. The zoo is noted for its collection of wild animals, flora and fauna which have been collected over the years since it was opened in 1906.A perfect place for studying various wildlife species and birds.
Animal performance shows are staged on public holidays in the zoo. Visitors can take an around-the-zoo trip riding an elephant or a horse. Restaurants are open in the zoo for the convenience of the visitors. The Natural History Museum is also located in the same compound
St. Mary’s Cathedral
St. Mary’s Cathedral is situated on Bo Aung Kyaw Street in Botahtaung Township, Yangon. It was designed by Dutch architect. Construction began in 1895 and was completed in 1899. The interior of the Cathedral is richly decorated with some outstanding examples of featured exquisite stained glass windows.
National Museum of Myanmar is located at No. 66/74, Pyay Road.Dagon Township.Yangon. Myanmar. The National Museum of Myanmar was founded in 1952 with its premises at what was once the Jubilee Hall. In 1970 the museum was moved to a more spacious building on Pansodan Street. But these premises were not originally constructed to house a museum. The present National Museum is located on Pyay Road in a splendid five-storey building constructed for the purpose in spacious and specially landscaped grounds.Priceless ancient artifacts.Works of art and historic memorabilia are on display in 14 halls on four storeys. Three halls on the ground floor hold exhibits on the evolution the Myanmar script and alphabet.The Lion Throne Room and Yatanabon Period pieces.
The Maha Wizaya Pagoda was built on the Dhammarakkhita (Guardian of the Law) Hill which faces the famous Shwedagon Pagoda in 1980 to commemorate the first successful convening of all sects of the Buddhist monastic order under one supervisory body. It was built from funds donated by the people across the whole country. An image of the Buddha which was a royal gift from the King and Queen of Nepal is enshrined within the pagoda.
Kyauktawgyi Pagoda Yangon
This is one of the biggest marble Buddha Images in Yangon Myanmar with a height of 37ft (11m) and a weight of weighs over 600 tons. The classical name of this Image is Lawkachantha Abaya Labamuni, meaning World Peace and Prosperity. This Sitting Buddha Image is curved out from a single marble stone. The giant stone was found in the Sakyin region, Medaya Township in Mandalay Division. The draft sculpture was carried through the Ayeyarwaddy river down to Yangon. Then it was finally touched up. The sculpting and the enshrining got completed in 2008 and located in Insein, Yangon.
The floating Karaweik Restaurant on Kandawgyi (Royal) Lake is one of the landmarks of Yangon. This modern architecture of a mythical creature Karaweik Hall was constructed in 1972. This whole building was gilded with gold about 20 years ago. Karaweik Hall will serve lunch and dinner with Myanmar, Chinese, Eastern and Western cuisine at moderate prices. It is also an excellent idea to examine the beauty of this royal barge and the stunning view of the Shwedagon. Traditional dance performances are normally held here in the evenings.
Inside there is a Myanmar Traditional restaurant, and also entertain Myanmar dances and Myanmar Orchestra.A closer view at the head of the Mythical bird, there is always a golden ball hanging at the beak of the bird.The tip of the tail,with a shape of a Nat.
The hall is decorated with Myanmar Arts and Handicrafts.
Kandawgyi Garden and Kandawgyi Lake
Kandawgyi Garden or Kandawgyi Nature Park is a popular recreation centre of the capital of Yangon. The area of the Garden is 110 acres, water areas is 150 acres, which makes it a total of 260 acres. You can find a variety of beautiful flowers, the natural scene of the lake water and large shady trees. There are also an orchid garden, the children play-ground, Mini Zoo, the souvenir shops and many restaurants. The playgrounds and picnic areas are favourite spots for children and teenagers. The beauty of Karaweik Hall also shows a unique work of art to be explored in the heart of Kandawgyi Lake. Kandawgyi meaning "the great lake" in Myanmar is a well-known place in Yangon.
Kabar Aye Pagoda is located on Kabar Aye Road, Mayangone Township,Yangon. Myanmar. The name “Kaba Aye” in Myanmar means “World Peace” to which this pagoda is dedicated.
Different from the other pagodas, Kabar Aye Pagoda was only built during 1952. This pagoda is significant for the Sixth World Buddhist Synod which was held in its large precinct in 1954. Myanmar people are Theravada Buddhist and are very deeply devoted to the religion.For the Sixth Buddhist Councilwhich was held during 1954-56.The Kabar Aye Pagoda was built in
dedication to the council. The pagoda was built in 1954. The Kabar Aye Pagoda compound is a large one intended to have peace and quiet environment for the monks (Sangas) and the devotees.
Maha Pasana Guha cave
The Maha Pasana Guha (“Great cave”) is a large man made “cave” that contains a meeting hall where the 6th Buddhist council was held. The meeting hall was built inside a cave because the first Buddhist council was held inside a cave in India shortly after the Buddha’s passing into final Nirvana about 2,500 years ago. The hall’s six entrances and six large pillars supporting the roof symbolize the six councils.
The hall measuring 67 meters long and 43 meters wide with a high ceiling is now used for various meetings and to host examinations on the Tripitaka, the teachings of the Buddha. At the end of the hall is a small Buddha image seated on an elaborate throne in the “Calling the Earth to witness” posture.
Also on the grounds are the Buddhist art museum and the Buddhist learning center, as well as a fish pond where large catfish are fed by devotees to make merit.
Allied War Memorial Cemetery (Htauk Kyant)
The Allied War Memorial Cemetery is located at Htauk Kyant,Mingaladon Township,32km from Yangon, on the way to Bago. It was built in 1951. It is a memorial cemetery of the Allied soldiers who died in the Myanmar Campaign during World War II. The cemetery is peaceful and its beautifully kept grounds has27,000 stone graves of fallen Commonwealth and Allied soldiers. Htauk Kyant War cemetery is the largest of the three war cemeteries in Myanmar.